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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1
Victory Edition 1919 WAR GARDENING and Home Storage of Vegetables





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 8



     After the frost goes out test the ground by squeezing a handful of it. If it crumbles the soil is ready for spading. If it packs into a mud ball, the ground is still too wet and should not be worked.
     Spade deeply, 8 to 15 inches, unless this latter depth turns up poor soil and buries the richer soil of the top. Pulverize the dirt deeply with hoe, spade and rake, breaking all clods on the surface. If a lawn roller is available it is useful for crushing clods. All vegetable growth on the surface, such as grass or weeds, should be turned under, to rot and enrich the soil. This is especially important with ground that has had a growth of turf.

drawing of wheel hoe and hand cultivator

Fig. 4––Wheel hoe and hand cultivator, to be had with attachments such as plow, cultivator, teeth, shovels and rake. A simple form may be made at home.


     The home garden campaign for 1919 should be planned with a view to the production of the largest possible amount of food with the smallest possible outlay of seed and fertilizer. Authorities agree that the seed shortage is the worst the country has ever seen. The supply of fertilizers and natural manures is far below the normal. The demand for these materials is exceedingly great and war-time efficiency make it vital that war-time conservation be practised in the use of them. To this end gardens should be devoted as far as possible to those crops which are most useful for food and in which the chances of failure are least to be feared.
     In the selection of vegetables for the home garden preference should be given to the staple crops such as potatoes, beans, tomatoes, corn, onions, and cabbage. Crops of next importance, such as peas, carrots, parsnips, beets, squash, greens, turnips, cauliflower, radishes and celery, should be grown if space in the garden permits.

     Cauliflower, muskmelons, watermelons, onions from seed, asparagus and cucumbers are some of the plants that are most difficult to raise and these are not recommended to the amateur gardener.

     Soils vary so much that serious attention should be given to the crops suited to the individual garden. This is a local question. Consult your local war garden committee's experts as to the best crops fro your particular soil. Expert advice will prevent mistakes.
     In many communities, last year witnessed an over-production of some vegetables that had to be used during the growing season. Many gardeners had larger crops of these than they could possibly use. Much waste resulted. To prevent this loss in seed, fertilizer, garden space, labor and foodstuffs every gardener should give especial attention to the selection of crops. Plant sparingly of those things which must be used as they mature and plant liberally of those things which may be saved for winter use by canning, drying or storing.

drawing sowing seeds with an envelope in a box

Fig. 6––Use an envelope for sowing seed. The picture shows seed already sown in some of the rows.


     Seed shortage was a handicap to many gardeners last year. In 1919 the planting of gardens will be increased and the demand for seed even greater than in 1918. It is important, therefore, that the home gardener wsho9uld procure his supply of seed early––well in advance of planting time. Be sure to patronize a reliable dealer, as quality is vital.

Use Seed Sparingly

     Home gardeners often plant seed thickly to make sure of a good stand. This is a wasteful method, excepting with such vegetables as will produce young plants which may be used as greens. The better way is to plant according to the directions given in the planting table.
     The pronounced seed shortage this year makes it imperative that no seed be wasted.

Testing Seed

     A simple test will give useful advance information of the germinating value of seed. This test is useful as enabling the gardener to determine whether or not seed have been properly cured and are otherwise in good condition. Seed which are too old or have been kept under unfavorable conditions are unsatisfactory.

drawing of seed test using plates and moist blotting paper

Fig. 5––Simple seed test, using plates and moist blotting paper or cloth. This is extremely useful.


* [ed. note] see Mulch, Intensive and Lazy Gardening Books for alternative methods of preparing the soil and planting.

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