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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1
Victory Edition 1919 WAR GARDENING and Home Storage of Vegetables





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 4

Drawing of a community garden
Fig. 1––A community garden which produced excellent results. The ground was provided by a manufacturing concern for its employes and the plowing and harrowing were done by the company. Expert supervisors directed the work. This supervision is an important help to successful gardening.


     Manufacturing concerns, and other enterprises which employ labor on a large scale, may make valuable contribution to the national food supply by encouraging their employees to cultivate war gardens. Many concerns furnish large tracts of land, which are divided into individual garden plots. These plots are allotted to such employes as are willing to cultivate them. Each plot and everything it produces are recognized as the individual property of its cultivator. The company bears the expense of plowing and fertilizing these plots and employs an expert to have charge.


Garden Plan

     Have a plan for your garden––drawn to scale on paper–– before you start, to give proper order in planting and enable you to buy the right amount of seeds in advance while the selection is good.
     Put in one general group small plants like beets, onions, lettuce, carrots, radishes and parsnips. In another general group put larger plants like corn, tomatoes and potatoes. Spreading ground vines, like melons and cucumbers, which need wider spacing, should be put in another general group. The reason for this grouping is that the various plants in a group need similar general treatment as well as spacing.
     In making a plan provide space in which to enter costs and yield of the various crops. This will give you a complete record which will be useful another year. Another helpful use of the plan is that is will guide you in the rotation of next year's crops. For this purpose save your plan for next season.
     In planning your garden formulate some definite plan as to what you will do with surplus vegetables. Detailed instructions for home storage of vegetables for winter use are given in Part II of this booklet. Detailed instructions for canning, drying, pickling and other forms of conservation are given in the Home Manual on these subjects issued by this Commission.


     In the location of a garden it is not always possible to choose conditions as to sunlight. It is important, therefore, that in the arrangement of the various varieties of vegetables which are to be planted, due care should be given to providing the greatest exposure to the sun for those crops which need it most. Those plants which must ripen their fruits, such as tomatoes and eggplant, require the greatest amount of sunshine, while lettuce, spinach, kale and other leaf crops require relatively less. Foliage crops must have at least 3 hours of sunlight a day and plants which ripen fruits at least 5 hours a day. This is important.

Vary from Last Year's Plan

     It is important to remember that plant diseases and insects are apt to thrive in a spot in which they have become established. For this reason those who make gardens this year should take care not to place the individual crops in the spot in which the same crops grew last year. Varying the arrangement of the garden in this way will reduce the danger from disease and insects. The same vegetables in the same place each year exhaust certain food elements, and reduced yields are sure to result.


     At times, even with the best of planning, a gardener will find that his garden has matured more of some varieties of vegetables than can be used immediately. None of this excess should be wasted and there is no occasion for waste. If there is no ready market for the surplus it should be prepared for winter by either canning or drying. By modern methods either canning or drying may be done with little expense of time, trouble or financial outlay. By using the cold-pack method as small a quantity as a single can or jar may be put up in a short time. With proper instructions it is possible for the housewife to dry a handful of peas or beans, sweet corn, a few sweet potatoes or turnips, or small quantities of many other vegetables with practically no expenditure of her time. Explicit and simple directions for canning and drying are given in the Manual issued by the National War Garden Commission.

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