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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1
Victory Edition 1919 WAR GARDENING and Home Storage of Vegetables





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 3



     As a result of emergency created by war the home garden of America has become an institution of world-wide importance. The planting and growing season of 1918 demonstrated that the products thus raised are essential to the feeding of the people of the United States and the Allied Nations. Under the impetus given by the National War Garden Commission the people of this country last year produced a crop valued at $520,000,000 in gardens cultivated in backyards, on vacant lots and on other land previously untilled––the patriotic gift of the war gardens to the nation.
     Peace can in no wise diminish American's responsibility for feeding Europe. The recovery of vast areas of devastated country in France and Belgium greatly increases the number of people to be fed and adds heavily to the food burden of America. Because of this the Victory Garden is no less necessary than the War Garden.


     War-time brought the most serious traffic congestion the United States has ever seen. This condition has no meaning more significant than that the gardens of this year must do even more than those of 1918 in freeing the overburdened railroads from the need for transporting food products. With food shortage threatening the Allied Nations and with railroad congestion as an added factor, the war garden results of the coming season must be considerably greater even than the vast yield of last year.


     Excellent results are obtained through co-operative gardening work. If several families join forces they can reduce the cost of gardening in time, labor and money. Families having adjoining or neighboring garden plots may use one set of tools. To prevent clash of convenience it is well to have an understanding in advance as to the time when each gardener is to have the use of particular tools. By this arrangement it is possible to have complete eqquipment at expense much less than if each gardener bought his own. Money can also be saved in buying seeds, fertilizers and spraying materials by clubbing together and gaining advantage of the lower prices for large lots.
     One of the advantages of doing community work is that it is possible for the gardeners interested in the project to employ a man and a team to prepare their gardens by plowing and harrowing. In this way the man and team can be kept busy throughout the day and the expense to each gardener will be slight.

On a larger scale this principle should be applied to garden plots on tracts of vacant land allotted to individuals in or near cities or towns. Each plot in such a tract is a separate garden, belonging to the individual or family to whom allotted. In many instances the municipal authorities, the mayor's war garden committee or some similar local organization, will provide an expert to supervise work on community gardens of this character. This expert will give advice and instructions as to preparation, planting and cultivation and on other technical subjects.
    If an expert is not provided in this way it is wise for the gardeners to club together and arrange for one at their own expense, if the project is large enough to make this possible without too great individual cost. The help of an expert is of great value.
     School children and parents may work together to good advantage on these garden plots. In some communities school authorities allow the children to spend a portion of the school hours, on stated days, in their garden work. Through co-operation with street cleaning departments a municipal government may arrange to deliver manure to war gardeners at nominal cost. In at least one important city this is done at a charge of $2 per load.
     It is a good plan for municipal governments to arrange for lectures at school houses or other places on practical problems in gardening. This increase efficiency.

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