HOME STORAGE MANUAL FOR
VEGETABLES AND APPLES
No form of Food Conservation is more important than the home storage of
vegetables for winter use. Canning and drying are essential to the nation's
food supply, and should be practised to the fullest possible extent, but
they do not take the place of storage. To keep vegetables in their natural
state is the simplest form of preparation for winter needs. By taking
proper precautions against decay and freezing an abundant supply of certain
kinds of fresh vegetables may be kept at minimum expenditure of money and
STORAGE HELPS SOLVE FOOD PROBLEM
The importance of making provision for winter
food needs is even greater this year than it was in 1918. Every pound of
foodstuffs that can be spared for export will be needed in Europe for
feeding American troops and to prevent the starvation of the domestic and
military populations of the Allied nations. Every pound of vegetables stored
away for home uses will release exportable food. A nation with a food
shortage is a nation in peril. For this reason it is of vital importance
that no vegetables of high food value be allowed to go to waste. To save is
to be patriotic.
The home gardening campaign conducted by the National
War Garden Commission will this year result in the creation of a vast new
planting area. The output of these gardens is greatly in excess of immediate
needs. Unless proper steps are taken to safeguard the surplus the waste will
be prodigious. This Commission will stimulate nation-wide activity in
canning and drying. An important purpose of this booklet is to arouse
similar interest in the storage of vegetables
For some vegetables satisfactory storage places are
afforded by the pantry shelf or attic. For others the cellar is the right
place. For others outdoor storage is preferable. This may take the form of
pits or banks, or it may be done in hillside caves or cellars.
Especially good results may be obtained if
several neighboring families will form community clubs to provide storage
facilities. In this way very complete provision may be made for handling
winter supplies at slight trouble and expense to the individual household.
Community or co-operative storage may be effected in
various ways. Several families may join together and construct outdoor
cellars or they may join in the use of an available building conveniently
located in which vegetables may be stored in large quantities.
WHAT AND HOW TO STORE
There are many vegetables which can be stored to
good advantage. Included in the list are Potatoes, Beets, Carrots, Parsnips,
Onions, Sweet Potatoes, Celery, Salsify, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Brussels
Sprouts, Winter Squash, Turnips, Beans and Lima Beans. Good results in
storage depend upon:
2––Regulation of temperature.
4––Quality of vegetables stored.
In a house heated by a cellar furnace vegetables
may be stored to good advantage in the cellar. Partition off a small room as
far as possible from the heating plant. Two sides of this room should be
outside walls. There should be at least one outside window, for temperature
regulation and ventilation.