Onions will grow from seed or from bulbs, called
sets. It is better to use sets in home gardens. For early green onions plant
sets 3 inches apart in rows 1 foot or more apart. To grow from seed, plant
the seed rather thickly 3/4 of an inch deep in rows and thin them later
until plants are 2 to 3 inches apart. If sets for planting next spring are
desired, do not thin out any plants, but let them crowd so they will remain
small. Seed may be planted in seed box or seed bed and when transplanted
placed 3 inches apart.
Sow seed thinly 1/8 inch deep, later thinning
plants when they crowd each other.
Sow seed thinly 3/4 of an inch deep in rows 18
to 24 inches apart and later thin plants to 3 inches apart.
An important factor in the successful raising of
garden peas is that the smooth-seeded type are not easily damaged by light
frost. Because of this they may be planted early in the spring––practically
as soon as weather conditions permit preparation of the ground. They may be
gown in almost any ordinary soil. The best soil is sandy loam, well drained,
and rich with rotted manure. To give continuous supply throughout the
growing season make successive plantings from one to two weeks apart. For
the earliest crops select the smooth-seeded varieties of quick maturity.
These varieties require no supports. For later crops select the large,
Fig. 19––Peas planted properly, at depth of 4 inches.
As soon as plants break through the ground,
cultivate. Continue to do this three or four times a week until the vines
Peas should be planted in trenches 4 inches deep, the
seed being covered with 2 to 3 inches of soil. From 1 to 2 pints of seed
will plant 100 feet of row. As the plants grow, gradually fill the trench
around them. Let the vines of the tall variety grow up on brush or poultry
wire. The rows of peas should be 3 to 4 feet apart, but if the space is
small it is desirable to plant double rows 1 foot apart, placing the brush
between these rows.
Set young plants from seed box 18 inches apart
in row. Pepper plants are tender and should not beset out until the ground
special instructions on Irish and Sweet Potatoes see pages
12 and 13.
Plant in hills 8 to 10 feet apart,
using 8 to 10 seed to a hill. Plant seed 1 inch deep. Later thin to 2 or 3
plants to a hill.
Planted and grown the same as carrots.
Procure roots from a neighbor or dealer as seed planting is not advised. Set
them 3 to 4 feet apart, in rows or next to fence. Use manure freely.
Salsify or Oyster Plant
vegetable oyster. Grown like carrots. Plants must be thinned to 3 inches
thickly 1 inch deep in rows 12 to 18 inches apart, for both early spring and
Grown the same as cucumbers or muskmelon, except that the hills of Hubbard
squash should be 7 to 9 feet apart.
Sow seed 1/2 inch deep. Thin out when necessary.