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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1
Victory Edition 1919 WAR GARDENING and Home Storage of Vegetables





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 15*


     Onions will grow from seed or from bulbs, called sets. It is better to use sets in home gardens. For early green onions plant sets 3 inches apart in rows 1 foot or more apart. To grow from seed, plant the seed rather thickly 3/4 of an inch deep in rows and thin them later until plants are 2 to 3 inches apart. If sets for planting next spring are desired, do not thin out any plants, but let them crowd so they will remain small. Seed may be planted in seed box or seed bed and when transplanted placed 3 inches apart.


     Sow seed thinly 1/8 inch deep, later thinning plants when they crowd each other.


     Sow seed thinly 3/4 of an inch deep in rows 18 to 24 inches apart and later thin plants to 3 inches apart.


     An important factor in the successful raising of garden peas is that the smooth-seeded type are not easily damaged by light frost. Because of this they may be planted early in the spring––practically as soon as weather conditions permit preparation of the ground. They may be gown in almost any ordinary soil. The best soil is sandy loam, well drained, and rich with rotted manure. To give continuous supply throughout the growing season make successive plantings from one to two weeks apart. For the earliest crops select the smooth-seeded varieties of quick maturity. These varieties require no supports. For later crops select the large, wrinkled varieties.

drawing of peas planted at depth of 4 inches

Fig. 19––Peas planted properly, at depth of 4 inches.

     As soon as plants break through the ground, cultivate. Continue to do this three or four times a week until the vines lop over.
     Peas should be planted in trenches 4 inches deep, the seed being covered with 2 to 3 inches of soil. From 1 to 2 pints of seed will plant 100 feet of row. As the plants grow, gradually fill the trench around them. Let the vines of the tall variety grow up on brush or poultry wire. The rows of peas should be 3 to 4 feet apart, but if the space is small it is desirable to plant double rows 1 foot apart, placing the brush between these rows.



     Set young plants from seed box 18 inches apart in row. Pepper plants are tender and should not beset out until the ground is warm.


     For special instructions on Irish and Sweet Potatoes see pages 12 and 13.


     Plant in hills 8 to 10 feet apart, using 8 to 10 seed to a hill. Plant seed 1 inch deep. Later thin to 2 or 3 plants to a hill.


     Planted and grown the same as carrots.


     Procure roots from a neighbor or dealer as seed planting is not advised. Set them 3 to 4 feet apart, in rows or next to fence. Use manure freely.

Salsify or Oyster Plant

     Also called vegetable oyster. Grown like carrots. Plants must be thinned to 3 inches apart.


     Sow seed thickly 1 inch deep in rows 12 to 18 inches apart, for both early spring and fall crops.


     Grown the same as cucumbers or muskmelon, except that the hills of Hubbard squash should be 7 to 9 feet apart.

Swiss Chard

     Sow seed 1/2 inch deep. Thin out when necessary.

* [ed. note] see Mulch, Intensive and Lazy Gardening Books for alternative methods of preparing the soil and planting.

**[ed. note] the book Native American Gardening : Stories, Projects and Recipes for Families has instructions with diagrams on how to plant a Native American Three Sisters Garden (Corn, Squash and Beans).

"Carrots Love Tomatoes" is a good reference for companion planting - which plants like to be planted closer to each other and which ones do not like each other.

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