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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1
Victory Edition 1919 WAR GARDENING and Home Storage of Vegetables





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 14*


     Sow seed rather thickly in row, using 1 oz. to 50 feet, but thin the young plants by pulling until the survivors are 4 inches apart. The pulled plants make fine greens for cooking or canning.

Brussels Sprouts

     Grown like cabbage.


     Set plants from indoor seed boxes or pots 15 inches apart in rows, the rows being 30 inches apart. Between these rows early lettuce, radishes, and other little crops may be planted. Early cabbage should be gathered as soon as it has formed solid heads. Lat cabbage may be stored in the trenches and covered with straw and earth.


     Sow seed 1/2 inch deep, using 1/4 ounce to 25 feet of row. Thin to 2 or 3 inches apart when roots crowd each other.


     Grown the same as cabbages, except when the heads form, the loose outer leaves should be tied together over the heads to keep out the light and bleach them.


     Sow seed in seed boxes and set plants in garden in June or July, 6 inches apart, trenches 6 inches deep and 3 feet apart. Make the trenches 6 to 8 inches wide at the bottom so that rains will not wash the earth over the young plants. As the plants grow, cultivate the ground into the trenches. When plants are large heap earth around stalks to whiten them.


     This is a large rooted form of celery. It is grown like celery, except that the plants do not need bleaching. The large root is cooked for use. The plants should be protected in freezing weather by straw or mulch (half-rotted manure and straw), and dug when needed.

Corn, Sweet**

     Plant 5 or 6 seed 1 inch deep in hills 3 feet apart. When plants are 4 inches high pull out all but 2 or 3 plants in each hill. Make new planting every 2 weeks until July or August so as to have corn for use during the entire season.

drawing of corn planted at depth of 2 inches

Fig. 17––Corn, planted properly, at depth of 2 inches.



     Plant 8 to 10 seed 1 inch deep in hills 4 feet apart. Later thin to 2 plants per hill. Do not plant until soil is warm and frosts are over. Hoe or cultivate only until plants start to vine, then pull weeks by hand.


     Little plants from seed boxes are set 2 feet apart in rows 3 feet apart.


     In midsummer sow seed 1/2 inc deep and later thin plants to 8 inches apart. To blanch hearts raise leaves and tie together over heart.


     Sow seed 1/2 inch deep in rows 18 to 24 inches apart. Thin the plants until they are from 6 to 8 inches apart in the rows.


     Sow seed 1/2 inch deep and later thin plants to 4 or 6 inches.


     Sow seed 1/2 inch deep in rows 1 foot apart and later thin out until plants are 5 to 6 inches apart. There should be successive plantings, but lettuce is not grown in extremely hot weather. Sow seed the last of August and in September to be transplanted to the cold frame in October.


     Roots may be procured from a seedsman or neighbor. Plant one or two clumps of these roots in a corner of garden in the spring.


     Grown like cucumbers except hills must be 6 feet apart.
     Muskmelons are difficult to raise and are not recommended to gardeners who are not experienced in their culture.


     Sow seeds when corn and beans are being planted. Sow 1 inch deep a few inches apart in rows 3 to 5 feet apart. Thin plants to 18 or 24 inches apart. Until plants are almost grown cultivate frequently and not very deeply.
     Pick young pods every day to keep plant bearing.

drawing of corn planted in a hill

Fig. 18––Corn, planted properly in hill, at a depth of 2 inches and with corner kernels 3 inches apart.**

* [ed. note] see Mulch, Intensive and Lazy Gardening Books for alternative methods of preparing the soil and planting.

**[ed. note] the book Native American Gardening : Stories, Projects and Recipes for Families has instructions with diagrams on how to plant a Native American Three Sisters Garden (Corn, Squash and Beans).

"Carrots Love Tomatoes" is a good reference for companion planting - which plants like to be planted closer to each other and which ones do not like each other.

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