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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1
Victory Edition 1919 WAR GARDENING and Home Storage of Vegetables





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 12



     As one of the staple needs of the household Potatoes are entitled to special attention in Home Gardening and community Gardening. In selecting for seed it is desirable to choose medium to large, smooth, shall-eyed potatoes. The best seed will produce the best crop. Potatoes grow best in sandy loam or in a gravel loam. Heavy, sticky lay or loose sand is not desirable soil. Potatoes should not be grown in the same place in the garden in which they were grown the previous year. A rotation of three or four years is desirable.
     Preparation of the soil should be done with care. The ground should be worked with plow, spade and hoe, to a depth of 8 or 10 inches, and should be thoroughly broken up or pulverized, then thoroughly worked with a steel-toothed rake. This preparation is of great importance and should not be slighted. Attention to details is necessary to success.

Treat Seed for Scab**

     One of the most common diseases affecting seed potatoes is scab. This attacks the skin of the potato, causing it to thicken, and giving it a scabby appearance. It is carried through the winter, in soil, in manure and on the potatoes themselves. To control this affection it is important that potatoes should be rotated with other crops as to location, and the same soil not used for potatoes except at intervals of three or four years. A simple remedy, easily applied, is to soak the seed potatoes before planting, in a solution of Formalin** and water. This solution is made of 1 ounce of Formalin (40 per cent formaldehyde), mixed in 2 gallons of water. In this mixture soak the uncut potatoes for two hours, and spread them out to dry. The solution can be used on as many lots of potatoes as desired.
     Seed potatoes should be spread out in a room in which they will be exposed to strong light for two weeks before cutting, to start sprouts and detect poor seed. If large potatoes are used cut them into pieces weighing from 1 to 2 ounces, each piece having at least two eyes. If potatoes are scarce and expensive the pieces may be cut to a single eye. Do not cut the seed until it is to be planted.

drawing of properly cut seed potatoes

Fig. 14––Properly cut seed potatoes. Each piece has two good eyes and is about the size of a hen's egg.


    For planting, prepare trenches or furrows from 3 to 5 inches deep and from 24 to 36 inches apart. Plant seed pieces 3 inches deep for early potatoes and 5 inches for late varieties. The seed pieces should be 14 to 18 inches apart in rows, the smaller the pieces the closer the planting. Fill the trench with dirt, firming it in order that the moisture may be brought in contact with the seed pieces to assist in the process of germination.
     Usually potatoes should not be planted as late as the first week in July very far north of the Mason and Dixon line except in sections where it is known that they will mature before freezing weather arrives.


     As soon as the potato plants come up begin cultivating them. The cultivation should begin before they come up if a crust forms. Cultivate or hoe every week during the season, to keep the surface in good condition. When the plants are young work the soil up around them to support the plants.
     Potatoes are subject to diseases and insects which are scheduled on page 21. Take precautions to keep these from getting a start. Follow instructions as to spraying** and keep at it during the season. It is better to spray before trouble appears than to take chances.
     Dig early potatoes when they are of the size desired. Late potatoes, for storing, should not be dug until the leaves and stems are dead, or until the skin is so firm that it may not easily be rubbed off.

Fig. 15––On the left is shown tuber sprouted in warm, dark storage place. Such sprouts sap vitality and decrease yield. On the right is green sprouted tuber. By this latter method the tuber retains its vitality and a good yield is insured.


* [ed. note] see Mulch, Intensive and Lazy Gardening Books for alternative methods of preparing the soil and planting.

** [ed. note] I do not recommend this treatment - it is only printed here as part of this historical booklet. Buy seed potatoes from a good and reliable seedsman and you shouldn't have problems.

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