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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1I
Victory Edition 1919 HOME CANNING & DRYING of Vegetables & Fruits





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 3

Part I

   To save vegetables and fruits by canning this year is a patriotic duty. War has made the need for Food Conservation more imperative than at any time in history. America is responsible for the food supply of Europe. The American family can do nothing more helpful in this emergency than to Can All Food That Can be Canned. In this way the abundance of the summer may be made to supply the needs of the winter.


   The National War Garden Commission's campaign for five million or more War Gardens has brought about the creation of a vast food supply hitherto greatly neglected. To utilize this to the best advantage calls for Canning operations in every household throughout the nation.
   The preservation of foodstuffs by Canning is always effective Food Thrift. It enables the individual household to take advantage of summer's low prices for vegetables even if no garden has been planted. It effects the saving of a surplus of foodstuffs that would otherwise be wasted through excess of supply over immediate consumption. It eliminates the cold storage cost that must be added to the prices of commodities bought during the winter. Of vital importance, also, is that it relieves the strain on transportation facilities of the country. This phase has been especially emphasized for this year by the unprecedented traffic situation. All this increases the need for Home Canning and proves that this is a national obligation.


   By the Single Period Cold-Pack method it is as easy to can vegetables as to can fruits, and this year it is more useful. By the use of this method canning may be done in the kitchen or out of doors. It may be done in the individual household or by groups of families. Community canning is important in that it makes possible the use of the best equipment at small individual outlay and induces Food Conservation on a large scale. Community canning by school children, under the direction of competent teachers, is especially valuable.

    This Manual presents all necessary instructions for canning vegetables and fruits, in a manner which may be so readily understood that the work is no longer a problem, but is so simple that any adult or child may do it with success.


   In some parts of the Southern States there has been complaint as to results obtained in the use of the Single Period Cold-pack method, but inquiry and research have shown that in most cases the trouble arose from lack of care in following instructions or the use of poor rubbers, and was not to be blamed on the method itself. With proper care and perfect cleanliness the results in the South are as good as elsewhere.


   One of the best methods to follow in canning and drying operations is for several families to club together for the work. The work may be carried on a t a schoolhouse, in a vacant storeroom, at the home of one of the members or at some other convenient and central location where heat and water can be made available. By joining in the purchase of equipment each participant will be in position to save money as against individual purchases and at the same time have the advantage of larger and more complete equipment. The cost is slight when thus divided and the benefits very great to all concerned.
   For a co-operative enterprise it is well to have a committee of from three to five to take charge of all details. First determine how many people will take part in the work, how much each proposes to can or dry, what vegetables and fruits each will furnish and such other information as will have a bearing on the selection of equipment. After deciding how much money will be needed have each member contribute his or her proportion, determined by the amount of canning or drying he or she proposes to do.

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