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The War Garden Victorious - Appendix 1I
Victory Edition 1919 HOME CANNING & DRYING of Vegetables & Fruits





How the National War Garden Commission Came into Being


The Story of the War Garden


How War Gardens Helped


Types of War Gardens


Uncle Sam's First War Garden


How Big Business Helped


How the Railroads Helped


The Army of School Gardeners


Community Gardening


Cooperation in Gardening


War Gardens as City Assets


The Part Played by Daylight Saving


The Future of War Gardening


Conserving the Garden Surplus


Community Conservation


Conservation by Drying


Why We Should Use Dried Foods


The Future of Dehydration


Cooperation of the Press
  Chapter 19 - Cartoon Illustrations


  "War Gardening,"
Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

  "Home Canning and Drying," Victory Edition, 1919
Cover / Letters / 1 / 2 / 3 / 4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 9 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16 / 17 / 18 / 19 / 20 / 21 / 22 / 23 / 24 / 25 / 26 / 27 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32
More Letters / Back

Color Plates

  Sow the Seeds of Victory - Every Garden a Munition PlantWILL YOU HAVE A PART IN VICTORY?

"Every Garden a Munition Plant"

James Montgomery Flagg

  War Garden Victorious Poster - War Gardens Over The TopA Poster Spreading the Idea of Militant War Gardens

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Every Garden a Peace PlantA Poster for 1919, Symbolic of Victory

Maginel Wright Enright

  War Garden Victorious Poster - Can Vegetables, Fruits and the Kaiser tooCAN VEGETABLES, FRUIT AND THE KAISER TOO

J. Paul Verrees

A Poster Which Was Used in 1918, and Which, Amended–Following Germany's Defeat–Was Also Forceful in 1919



  We can can vegetables, fruti and the Kaiser too We can can Vegetables Fruit and the Kaiser too



page 19


   Apparatus for home Drying on a larger scale may be made at home or bought at small cost. Still larger equipment may be bought for community drying operations in which a group of families combine for cooperative work, at a school or other convenient center. This latter is especially recommended as giving the use of the most improved outfits at slight cost to the individual family. See "community Work," page 3.
   Best results are obtained by rapid drying, but care must be taken not to let the temperature rise above the limit specified in the directions and table.
   One of the chief essentials in Drying is free circulation of air, in order that the moist air may escape and dry air take its place.

Plate of potatoes prepared by use of meat chopper.
Fig. 2. Potatoes prepared by use
of meat chopper.


   For home Drying satisfactory results are obtained by any one of three principal methods. These are:

   1. Sun Drying.
   2. Drying by Artificial Heat.
   3. Drying by Air-blast. (With an electric or other motor fan.)
   These methods may be combined to good advantage.

Plate of apples peeled and sliced for drying.
Fig. 3. Apples peeled and sliced for drying.


   Sun Drying has the double advantage of requiring no expense for fuel and of freedom from danger of overheating. For sun Drying of vegetables and fruits the simplest form is to spread the slices or pieces on sheets of plain paper or lengths of muslin nailed to strips of wood and expose them to the sun. Muslin is to be preferred if there is danger of sticking. Trays should be used for large quantities. Sun Drying requires bright, hot days and a breeze. Once or twice a day the product should be turned or stirred and the dry pieces taken out. The drying product should be covered with cheesecloth tacked to a frame for protection from dust and flying insects. Care must be taken to provide protection from rain, dew and moths. During rains and just before sunset the products should be taken indoors for protection.


   To make a tray cheaply for use in sun drying, take strips of lumber three-quarters of an inch thick and 2 inches wide for the sides and ends. To form the bottom, laths should be nailed to these strips, with spaces of one-eighth of an inch between laths to permit air circulation. A length of 4 feet, corresponding to the standard lengths of laths, is economical. Nail 3 strips across the bottom in the opposite direction from the laths to prevent warping and to allow space when the trays are stacked. The trays should be of uniform size in order that they may be stacked together for convenience in handling. Never put trays directly on the ground. They should rest on supports a few feet above the ground and should face the south or southwest so as to receive the sun's rays the longest possible time.

small outdoor drier easily made at home.
Fig. 4. Small outdoor drier, easily made at home. It has glass top, sloping for exposure to sun. Tray is shown partly projecting, to indicate construction.

   A small homemade Sun Drier, easily constructed (Fig. 4), is made of light strips of wood, a sheet of glass, a small amount of galvanized wire screen and some cheesecloth. A convenient size for the lass top is 18 by 24 inches. To hold the glass make a light wooden frame of strips of wood 1/2 inch thick and 1 inch wide. This frame should have legs of material 1 by 1-1/2 inches, with a length of 12 inches for the front legs and 18 inches for those in the rear. This will cause the top to slope, which aids in circulation of air and gives direct exposure to the rays of the sun. As a tray support, nail a strip of wood to the legs on each of the four sides, about 4 inches below the top frame work and sloping parallel with the top. The tray is made of thin strips of wood about 2 inches wide and has a galvanized wire screen bottom. There will be a space of about 2 inches between the top edges of the tray and the glass top of the Drier, to allow for circulation. Protect both sides, the bottom and the front end of the Drier with cheesecloth tacked on securely and snugly, to exclude insects and dust without interfering with circulation. At the rear end place a cheesecloth curtain tacked at the top but swinging free below, to allow the tray to be moved in and out. Brace the bottom of this curtain with a thin strip of wood, as is done in window shades. This curtain is to be fastened to the legs by buttons when the tray is in place.

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