home bookshop feed the hungry   earthly pursuits logo
what's new old book library safe seed pledge  
contact about books about food & recipes  
links I  II   garden tips  
search flower language blether  
  alphabetized flowers     flowers by meaning companion planting  
 
bookcases     
  
 
    click here to make a
"free" contribution to earthly pursuits

Vegetables :


 

THE OLD AND THE NEW IN CORN CULTURE


THE OLD AND THE NEW
IN CORN CULTURE

Page

 
1

Corn The Great American Cereal
Corn and the Early Colonies

2 Corn and the Indian
3a Photos - Corn & Tools
3b Photos - Indians in corn fields
4a Photos - Corn Drying & Hopi field
4b Photos - Mortar and Pestles
5 Kinds of Corn Grown by the Indians.
6 Primitive Seed-testing Methods.
The Nettle Seed Tester
7 Primitive Corn-Planting Methods
8 Indian Cornfields
Primitive Tools
9 Plants as Indicators of the Season
10 Seed Selection and Storing
11

Indian Corn Foods

12

Primitive and Modern Methods of Culture
13 Corn and the Westward Movement
14 Corn and the Packing Industry
15 The Silo and the Corn Crop
16 Variations of the Corn Plant
17 Corn and the Struggle for Democracy

 

 

From the Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture 1918
page 5

By H. Howard Biggar,
Office of Corn Investigations, Bureau of Plant Industry.

KINDS OF CORN GROWN BY THE INDIANS.

   The Indians grew two main types of corn, Zea mays indurata, or the flint corns, and Zea mays amylacea or the flour corns. Inasmuch as corn was mainly used for human food, each type had its particular use. Flint corn was raised mainly for the making of hominy. Flour corn, because of its soft, starchy composition, was very easily ground in motars. It was, therefore, especially valuable for parching and making into soups, puddings, and corn bread.
   A distinguishing feature of the primitive Indian corns was their various colors. Among the kinds of corn grown were the following: Red-streaked flour, pink flour, white flour, red flour, blue flour, spotted flour, yellow flour, salmon-colored flour, white flour with kernels tipped with black, white flint, yellow flint, and pink flint. It must not be understood that all of these various kinds have passed out of cultivation. On the contrary, practically all of them can still be found, having been planted in small quantities from year to year, even up to the present time. An endeavor was made to keep the various kinds separated by planting in fields apart from each other.

 

     previous / next