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Vegetables :






Corn The Great American Cereal
Corn and the Early Colonies

2 Corn and the Indian
3a Photos - Corn & Tools
3b Photos - Indians in corn fields
4a Photos - Corn Drying & Hopi field
4b Photos - Mortar and Pestles
5 Kinds of Corn Grown by the Indians.
6 Primitive Seed-testing Methods.
The Nettle Seed Tester
7 Primitive Corn-Planting Methods
8 Indian Cornfields
Primitive Tools
9 Plants as Indicators of the Season
10 Seed Selection and Storing

Indian Corn Foods


Primitive and Modern Methods of Culture
13 Corn and the Westward Movement
14 Corn and the Packing Industry
15 The Silo and the Corn Crop
16 Variations of the Corn Plant
17 Corn and the Struggle for Democracy



From the Yearbook of the United States Department of Agriculture 1918
page 17

By H. Howard Biggar,
Office of Corn Investigations, Bureau of Plant Industry.


   Corn played a vital part in the European conflict. In response to widespread appeals, the acreage in 1917 was increased more than 10 per cent compared with 1916 and approximated 117,000,000 acres. The crop of 3,065,000,000 bushels was next to the largest ever harvested. If this crop had been loaded on wagons, each containing 50 bushels and allowing 20 feet of space for each wagon, these wagons placed end to end would make a line long enough to encircle the globe 9-1/2 times.
   The importance of corn in the agriculture of the United States is well shown by the fact that in the decade 1908 to 1917 the acreage devoted to corn in this country was 4.8 per cent greater than the combined acreage of the crops of wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice, buckwheat, and flax. The value of the corn crop for the same period was 24.3 per cent more than the combined values of these crops. During the same decade, the number of acres in corn was 18.7 per cent in excess of that for the previous decade. A growing increase in the price per bushel for corn is indicated by the fact that the value of the crop was about 100 per cent greater in the past decade than in the previous one.
   In many forms, corn is becoming more and more popular as a human food. It is the main cereal food of the cotton belt. Considering the food value of crops grown on an acre of land, corn heads the list, a 35-bushel crop producing nearly 150 pounds of protein and more than 3,000,000 units of energy.
   Valuable, even in the remote past, as a sustainer of life among primitive peoples in peace and war, the importance of corn in the world's affairs becomes more and more manifest with each decade of time. Moving westward and northward as its merits became better recognized, its growth in production is closely associated with the building of canals, railroads, our national highways, and our commercial supremacy. Because of the manifold uses of every part of the plant, the production of corn in closely linked with the development and perpetuation of many great industries. Because of its wonderful adaptation to conditions, it is now grown with success in every State of the Nation, from sea level to lofty plateaus. In acreage, in multiplicity of uses, in production, and in value it exceeds any other cultivated crop. A corn-crop failure of any extent affects our supply of meat, lard, butter, and imports and exports. Its use as a substitute for wheat made it possible to release exceptionally large shipments of wheat to Europe, to supply the Allies and our own armies.
   Having served a useful purpose in the early days of our country's history, corn is still indispensable in the development and perpetuation of our great Republic.