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Gardening :

THE GARDEN MAGAZINE - May 1917 page 225

The Garden Magazine May 1917 page 225 summer flower roots

May 1917
Front Cover / Inside Front
Inside Back / Back Cover


211 Spring Time is Lilac Time AD
More Crops from Your Garden ADs
215 Manure, Catalog ADs
216 Nursery, Bulb ADs
217 Irrigation, Greenhouse ADs
218 Nurseries, Portable Houses ADs
219 Table of Contents
220 The President to the People (Wilson's plea for gardens)
221 Among our Garden Neighbors
222 Papaya, Opal Anchusa, Cotton, Japanese Knotweed
223 Gordonia, Building a Better Home, Letters
224 The Month's Reminder
225 Summer Flower-Roots for Present Planting - Gladiolus
New Deutzias Better than Old
230 The Rockery Idea in Edgings
231 Home Vegetable Gardens A Patriotic Duty
How the Modern Lilac Came to Be
234 Victor Lemoine, Plant Hybridist
The Evolution of My Garden
237 The New Race of Hardy Astilbes
Prepare in May for Winter Flowers
Novelties in Summer Flower-roots and Bulbs
243 Flower Ads
244 The Fruit Garden -
Crown Grafting
245 Nursery ADs
How to Pot A Plant
247 Gladiolus, Evergreens, Trellis ADs
249 Lawn Mower, Nurseries ADs
250 Insurance by Protection
251 Flower ADs
252 Watermelon Stem End Rot
253 Lawn Mower, Flowers ADs
254 The Indigoferas for Late Flower
255 Shrubs, Rudyard Kipling, Humas ADs
Coming Events Club & Society News
257 Book ADs
259 Greenhouse, Birdhouse, Portable Houses, Flag Poles ADs
261 Pottery, Greenhouse, Stoves, Wire Cloth ADs
262 Companions for Larkspurs
263 War Air Generator, Listerine, Stanley, Birdhouses ADs
264 Chicken Chowder, Fence, Portable Poultry Runways, Oregon & California Railroad Co. Land Grants for Sale (2,300,000 acres)ADs


Summer Flower-Roots for Present Planting    G.W. Kerr  Pennsylvania

Provide now for the great displays of late summer and fall—how to manage for successions of bloom till the time of frost—practical combinations

THE advent of early summer brings with it fresh opportunities for the garden enthusiast, notwithstanding the fact that too commonly the belief exists (or at all events if not the belief, the practice) that by early May the whole garden planting of the season is complete. It is true, and it is not true. Of course, the forehanded gardener who starts his seeds in February or March, and the man who takes advantage of the greenhouse opportunities for getting an extra early start in the youngest days of the year, will by this time have accomplished a great deal toward the ultimate beauty of the garden at the present season. But even he, with all his forehandedness and preparedness, cannot force events out of their place, and with the advent of May on through that month into June, there is anew field of planting activity with summer flowering bulbs and flowering roots for late bloom. Of the standbys of the summer and fall garden, which must receive attention at this time, there are three of outstanding superiority—the Gladiolus, the Dahlia, and the new large flowered hardy Chrysanthemum. Added to these, of course, there are those of lesser importance, such as the Begonia, Caladium, the Tuberose, Amaryllis, besides hosts of others. And last, and by no means least, is the Canna.
   To begin with the end, the Canna has a fitting place in the summer garden. A misused and a maligned plant perhaps, hard to use effectively in some instance, or (would it not be more correct to say), it is so effective when used that it has a danger of overbalancing its associates. The modern Canna, with individual flowers, taking on almost the proportions of a man's hand, are vastly superior to the old-time Indian Shot as to be hardly thought of in the same moment. The Canna is a plant that may be grown in any situation, provided it has water. The large flowered modern hybrids which have been given us by the work of Mr. Antoine Wintzer, are large-flowered, the trusses immense, and the plants can be had in a range of heights and in a rich gradation of color from white, through pink and yellow to crimson.
   The present month is the summer gardener's opportunity of the planting of these and associated roots, and planting done now and next month will insure flowers from July until frost.


   Each year sees an increased activity among lovers of the Gladiolus. More varieties are introduced, more variations of color are noticed, and the improvement of form and habit in the inflorescence is marked. This summer bulb is indeed a flower in a million for the gardens of America. It is one in which every gardener can indulge his fancy. The connoisseur, the seeker for rarities, has all the scope for extravagance that he may wish; while at the same time the sternly practical man, who wishes the most for the smallest outlay, can surely find material to satisfy his desires. Some varieties there are that will flower nine weeks from the date of planting, and by making successional plantings at intervals of two weeks, blooms may be had in the garden until frost brings down the curtain.

   The Gladiolus will give the best account of itself when planted in clumps among other subjects, as in the herbaceous border or in the shrubbery. That is far better than setting them out in military like rows which only seems to accentuate what natural stiffness they possess. When planting in mixture with other subjects, it is well, however, to observe that they are not planted in close proximity to subjects which are gross feeders or among the roots of shrubs which are liable to make an undue toll upon the fertility of the soil and to the detriment of the Gladiolus. Happy effects may be obtained by planting Gladiolus in conjunction with annuals of long season, such as Petunia, Eschscholtzia, Phlox, Sweet Alyssum, or dwarf Nasturtium. A bed of annuals and Gladiolus in mixture is satisfactory for a late planted garden. First of all, plant over the area with Gladiolus bulbs 15 inches apart. These bulbs, of course, being set 3 to 6 inches deep, according as to whether the soil is heavy or light. Then sow annuals broadcast according to fancy. The seed of these annuals will be lightly raked into the soil, except in the case of Nasturtiums which must be planted one inch deep. Later the seedling annuals must be thinned out rigorously to perhaps nine inches apart. Additional batches of Gladiolus can then be planted in here at fortnightly intervals until mid-July, which will insure a continuous display of bloom from the bed. Grown in this way and allowed to finish their flowering on the plant, the flowering spike must be cut down as the last flowers fade in order to give room for succession and to maintain a neat appearance. When cutting, leave as many leaves as possible on the plant in order to perfect the new bulb which is the secret of next season's vigor.

Peony-flowered Dahlia

The Peony-flowered Dahlia, the newest type of this popular flower is well adapted to garden decoration. The flowers are held well above the foilage.

   The variety of Gladiolus is almost infinite, but I may be allowed to name a few as suggesting appropriate combinations with the better known annuals.
   Halley—a Gladiolus with flowers of salmony-pink, blooms within tow months from date of planting, looks well on a carpet of golden flowers of the California Poppy. It also makes a good combination with the yellow-flowered Gladiolus Niagara, which variety however requires two weeks longer to produce its flowers and must be allowed for by earlier planting if simultaneous bloom is desired. The variety America, with its massive spikes of delicate pink, combines well with Niagara; both flower ten weeks from planting. Another charming picture that I obtained last year was the Baron Hulot and Golden Queen Gladiolus, planted in a bed with a carpet of white Petunia or white Drummond Phlox. Gladiolus Dieulafoy and Panama are an appropriate combination with Sweet Alyssum Little Gem. I append a list of well-known varieties with approximate flowering times for each from date of planting, from which data the individual will be able to work out schemes to fit his particular desires.


America - fine pink - 10
Baron Hulot - dark violet blue - 9
Cracker Jack - rich crimson - 9
Golden Queen -  lt yellow w/carmine blotch-9
Halley - salmon pink - 8
Jean Dieulafoy -primrose, chocolate blotch-9
Mrs. F. King - light scarlet - 11
Mrs. Watt - wine-red - 11
Niagara - canary yellow - 10
Peace - fine white - 10
Panama - deep pink - 12
Rosy Spray - white and rose - 11-1/2
Scribe - light rose flaked red - 11
Taconic - pink marked crimson - 10

   Of the more recent developments of the Gladiolus, attention is focussed favorably on what is known as Primulinus Hybrids, which introduce us to a series of shadings of yellow flushed with pink and rose. The flowers are daintily proportioned and gracefully set along the spike in a somewhat looser arrangement than is characteristic of the older style of Gladiolus. As cut flowers for decorative purposes, they outclass the other members of the family. And, although of comparatively recent introduction, have achieved a decided popularity. These Primulinus Hybrids, which are the results of blending the species of Gladiolus primulinus (yellow) with the older types, flower nine weeks after planting, and they have the further advantage that as each plant throws up a succession of spikes, the flowering season is continued over a period of several weeks. Planted in combination with the yellow California Poppy as a ground work, a harmonious study in yellow is assured. As regards the depth of planting Gladiolus, it should be remembered that, apart from all other considerations, deep planting has the practical advantage of obviating the necessity of staking.

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