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THE GARDEN MAGAZINE - May 1917 page 222

The Garden Magazine May 1917 page 222

May 1917
Front Cover / Inside Front
Inside Back / Back Cover


211 Spring Time is Lilac Time AD
More Crops from Your Garden ADs
215 Manure, Catalog ADs
216 Nursery, Bulb ADs
217 Irrigation, Greenhouse ADs
218 Nurseries, Portable Houses ADs
219 Table of Contents
220 The President to the People (Wilson's plea for gardens)
221 Among our Garden Neighbors
222 Papaya, Opal Anchusa, Cotton, Japanese Knotweed
223 Gordonia, Building a Better Home, Letters
224 The Month's Reminder
225 Summer Flower-Roots for Present Planting - Gladiolus
New Deutzias Better than Old
230 The Rockery Idea in Edgings
231 Home Vegetable Gardens A Patriotic Duty
How the Modern Lilac Came to Be
234 Victor Lemoine, Plant Hybridist
The Evolution of My Garden
237 The New Race of Hardy Astilbes
Prepare in May for Winter Flowers
Novelties in Summer Flower-roots and Bulbs
243 Flower Ads
244 The Fruit Garden -
Crown Grafting
245 Nursery ADs
How to Pot A Plant
247 Gladiolus, Evergreens, Trellis ADs
249 Lawn Mower, Nurseries ADs
250 Insurance by Protection
251 Flower ADs
252 Watermelon Stem End Rot
253 Lawn Mower, Flowers ADs
254 The Indigoferas for Late Flower
255 Shrubs, Rudyard Kipling, Humas ADs
Coming Events Club & Society News
257 Book ADs
259 Greenhouse, Birdhouse, Portable Houses, Flag Poles ADs
261 Pottery, Greenhouse, Stoves, Wire Cloth ADs
262 Companions for Larkspurs
263 War Air Generator, Listerine, Stanley, Birdhouses ADs
264 Chicken Chowder, Fence, Portable Poultry Runways, Oregon & California Railroad Co. Land Grants for Sale (2,300,000 acres)ADs


Fruiting the Papaya in the Greenhouse.—"We have them for breakfast every morning," wrote the friend of our boyhood, in sending us the seeds from Manila, P.I. This was enough to make them interesting to us, aside from being a novelty that might e worth trying. Years before we had sown seeds from Florida, and found they germinated almost as readily as tomatoes, but had then been unable to carry them farther than the first summer. Now we had better facilities, and wanted to see what they would do. We sowed the seeds in a small box, and when the young plants were several inches high, potted them up. In a year's time they were in six-inch posts, and the largest were then about two feet high. We picked out two of the best and planted them together in the box seen in the illustration, where they at once made a wonderful growth, and in the fall began blooming. Fortune had favored us, for the trees proved to be mated, one staminate, one pistillate.Tropical Papaws grown from seed
   Curiously enough, the first half of the year is a resting period, but from July to December the growth is rapid. The staminate flowers are produced throughout the year, but during the resting period the stems of the clusters are short. During the rapid growth of autumn, the stems lengthen to from twelve to twenty inches, and the clusters are beautiful for decorative purposes, with cream-colored waxen flowers amid an abundance of buds. They last when cut, for weeks, and have a pleasing fragrance, almost too heavy at times. The pistillate flowers, borne only during the fall months, are much larger, stemless, and borne singly in the axils of the leaves; hence are very few in number compared with the abundance of the others, and having no cut flower value, are of interest chiefly as forerunners of the fruit crop.

   We were disappointed when one after another, the pistillate buds dropped off without opening. Finally one developed properly, and we pollinated it with the flowers from the other tree, and the young fruit began to grow. When it had reached the size and appearance of a May-apple or Mandrake fruit it, too, dropped off. The next season we were more successful, and three fruits were matured.
   Early in June the largest began to show yellow, and soon felt mellow to the thumb; but it continued getting yellower until the green showed only in mottlings on one side, and a pronounced musky odor developed, by no means tempting. Then we picked it. When the knife went through we almost regretted our rashness, for the hollow fruit was thickly lined on its inside surface with what looked suspiciously like toads' eggs, each dark seed being surrounded by a whitish gelatinous covering. This fruit was nine inches long, and weighed three pounds.
   After fruiting we removed the bottom from the box, and set the plants on one of the ground beds of the greenhouse, so they may have all the root room they desire. To our surprise we found they were far from potbound, the roots showing very little on the bottom of the small box.—
J. C. Galloway, Pennsylvania.

The Opal Anchusa.—Prior to the introduction into English gardens some fifteen years ago of Anchusa italica, Dropmore variety, the member of this family had little claim upon the lovers of perennial flowers, but to-day there are no more beautiful plants grown than the improved forms of the Alkanet. I well remember the first appearance of the Dropmore variety at the Temple Show in London, and it was certainly the most popular plant of the year, being shown in superb form by Mr. Maurice Pritchard of Christchurch. This variety is well known in American gardens and its rich blue flowers make it one of the most striking plants of the border in mid-summer. The variety Opal was introduced a few years afterward and to my mind is more beautiful than the dark blue Dropmore. The color of Opal is a glorious pale blue, similar to that of Delphinium Belladonna, and during the blossoming period I do not know of any plant to singularly handsome. This Anchusa deserves a prominent position in every garden, and when it has become fully established, the second or third year after planting, it makes a wonderful display. The main stem rises to a height of five or six feet with numerous side branches and is completely clothed with the flower panicles. It amply repays good cultivation and should be planted in a well-drained border where water will not collect around the crowns, and after the plants have become established they should not be disturbed.—A. E. Thatcher, Bar Harbor, Me.

Cotton in New England.—A few years ago I sent to a friend in New England a half-matured cotton plant. Shortly afterward, I received in acknowledgment a very enthusiastic letter.
   Then, I received another letter from him the next autumn. "When planting my garden last spring," he wrote, "I decided to try an experiment. I separated the seeds from one of the bolls of cotton and planted them in a bed prepared as for Petunias. This was May first. May fifth the gawky seedlings like colossal, short-stemmed Nasturtiums appeared. There followed a few cool nights during which

my cotton prospects were not bright. The plants turned yellow and dropped the cotyledons leaving only a small green bud at the top of the short stalk. But when June came they featherd out like spring chickens. Fuzzy growths shot out from every side of the stem.
   "By the twentieth of July the plants had attained a height of 2-1/2 feet. The funny buds (which you call 'squares') I mistook for bugs, and destroyed nearly all of them before discovering my mistake. Near the first of August the first blossom came. The first day it was pure white in color; the second, it was pink turning to crimson in the afternoon; the third day it curled up in the shape of a little doll, and fell to the ground leaving a soft green ball the size of a pea where it had been.
   "Soon some of the plants had from 20 to 30 bolls the size and shape of partridge eggs. But frost came before one of them opened. I gathered several of the larger and fullest matured fruits and hung them in my study as souvenirs of my achievement. When I returned home one week later I received another surprise. Hanging from the walls of my room were great fluffy snow-white cotton bolls. I ran into the garden and the bolls upon the old plants were bursted and the buds curled back so that you could see they had made an effort to open, also. I never before saw a room so beautifully decorated as is mine, and I veritably believe the decorations will last all winter.—
Buford Reid, Ark.

Weedy Tendencies of the Japanese Knotweed.—I notice the Japanese or Giant Knotweed listed in several of the new catalogues from several large seedhouses.
   Now since its presence in the garden is a potential source of danger possible purchasers should be warned. A comparatively new importation from the Orient, the Giant Knotweed is beginning to make itself at home on this side of the ocean; it is escaping its bounds and becoming a pestiferous weed. One of the first places from which the plant has been reported as escaping is the vicinity of Chester, Pennsylvania. Since then, according to authorities whose duty it is to record the distribution of plants, it has escaped locally throughout the territory from Newfoundland to Virginia and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River.

Giant Knotweed

[continued page 223]


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