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Food Saving & Sharing


 

Food Saving and Sharing - Telling How the Older Children of America May Help Save from Famine Their Comrades in Allied Lands Across the Sea.
Food Saving and Sharing 1918
Cover & Title Page
Hunger Map of Europe 1918
Foreward
Grace at Table

CHAPTER

 I.

Food Saving and Sharing
II. Food in General
III. About Fruit and Vegetables
IV. Foods That Help Build the Body
V. Cereals, Foods Rich in Starch
VI. Sugar and Sweets
VII. Fats and Fatty Foods
VIII. Hungry Europe
IX. Where Is the Food of the World?
X. What We Did About It
XI. What We Have Yet to Do
XII. The Little Group of One

America's food pledge 20 million tons -  prove your Americanism by eating less

 

CHAPTER II

FOOD IN GENERAL

     Not many years ago, if the question had been asked, "What kinds of food ought one to ear?" most people would have looked a little surprised and replied, "Whatever you like, if it does not make you sick." People in general thought of food as something that tasted good and made them feel more comfortable when they were hungry. Very few realized that different kinds of food served different purposes, and the mistake was often made of using too little or too much of some one kind. This was just about as reasonable as it would be to buy two hats when you had no shoes, or to go without underwear for the sake of a new coat.
   We are learning that our food is useful to us in three ways. The first is to give us energy for work and to keep us warm. When a room is cold, we make a fire. The burning of the coal or wood produces heat. If the fire were under the boiler of an engine, it would turn the water into steam that would furnish the power to run the engine. If you work hard, you need plenty of the kind of food that gives energy; for if you do not have enough food of this sort, the energy will have to come from some of the fat that is stored up in your body. Then you will become thin and lose strength. On the other hand, if you work little and eat much, you may grow too fat, or you may clog the machinery of your body and so put it out of order and make it incapable of doing good work.
   The second way in which our food should be of use to us is as material for building up our bodies and keeping them in repair. When a man is building a house or repairing one, he needs wood or stone or brick; he needs glass and putty and nails and plaster, and many other materials. When a house is in use, something is always giving out and must be repaired. If the proper materials for repair cannot be obtained, then one part of the house after another ceases to be useful, and after a while the whole house becomes worthless. It is the same with the body. The muscles, bones, nerves, blood, and all the rest of it must have the proper sort of materials to make them grow and to keep them in good working order. We may eat entirely too much food, but if it is not of the proper sort, our bodies will become worn out and will refuse to do their work.
   Besides providing fuel and materials for growth and repair, food must also act as a sort of overseer of the machinery of the body. If you stop to think, you will realize that in your body there is a great deal of machinery. To digest your dinner, for instance, is an important business and not at all a simple matter. To carry on this business the muscles and blood vessels of the stomach and the whole digestive apparatus must be kept in good running order. Machinery needs great care. Each part must be kept in the proper position to fit into the other parts and work with them. There must be no friction, everything must work smoothly and regularly and everything must be taken to the place where it is needed. When a man sets out to repair his house, he must not only provide the proper materials, but he must see that they are set in the right places and he must see that what is useless and worn out is carried away as rubbish.
   All this is the work of the food in the body, and it is high time that we began to think more wisely about it.

It is worth remembering:

That food is useful to us in the three following ways:
   1. Fuel food to provide power for work, and to keep us warm.
   2. Building food to provide material for building and repairing the body.
   3. Regulating food to keep the machinery of the body in good running order.

   
  INTRODUCTION part 2

LETTER II