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The Evolution of Horticulture in New England


Title Page


        6 SECTIONS   [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]


                 NEW ENGLAND

                 MASSACHUSETTS BAY

through page 105 of 180

I have posted what I have finished typing on this book but I am going to delay indefinitely the rest of the book because most of the rest of the book is unopened (the pages have not been split apart) and I would prefer not to open the pages as this is a good example of how books used to be made. If I get enough requests to finish the book, I will try to find an opened copy. So, if you want to know the ending, e-mail me.




          Constant use was also made of flowers and ornamental shrubs in garlands and crowns which were worn upon the head in many civil and religious ceremonies. Although our knowledge concerning their skill and practical acquaintance with horticulture is imperfect, yet the disposition of their gardens, orchards, and vineyards in the best ages of the nation, show a most remarkable scientific advance in all that pertains to the art. Mr. St. John in his admirable History of the Manners and Customs of Ancient Greece, draws “by the id of scattered hints, change expressions, fragments, and a careful study of the natural and invariable productions of the country” a most pleasing picture, of which a few paragraphs are given, that certainly both in style and description serve as a model for imitation. “That portion of the ground which was devoted to the culture of sweet-smelling shrubs and flowers usually approached and projected inwards between the back wings of the house, so that from the windows the eye might alight upon the rich and variegated tints of the parterres intermingled with verdure, while the evening and morning breeze wafted clouds of the fragrance into the apartments. The lawns, shrubberies, bouquets, thickets, arcades, and avenues were, in most cases, laid out in a picturesque though artificial manner, the principal object appearing to have been to combine use with magnificence, and to enjoy all the blended hues and odors which the plants and tree acclimated in Hellas could afford. Protection in summer from the sun’s rays is, in those southern latitudes, an almost necessary ingredient of pleasure, and therefore numerous trees rose here and there in the ground in some places singly, elsewhere in clumps, uniting their branches above, and affording a cool and dense shade. Beneath these umbrageous arches, the air was further refrigerated by splashing fountains, whose waters, through numerous fair channels, straight or winding, as the use of them demanded, spread themselves over the whole garden, refreshing the eye and keeping up a perpetual verdure. Copses of myrtles, of roses, of agnus-castus, and other odoriferous shrubs intermingled, clustering round a pomegranate tree, were usually placed on elevated spots, that, being thus exposed to the winds, they might the more freely diffuse their sweetness. The spaces between trees were sometimes planted with crocuses: and sometimes presented a breadth of smooth, close, green sward, sprinkled with wild flowers, as the violet and the blue veronica, the pink and the pale primrose, the golden motherwort, the cowslip, the daisy, the pimpernel, and the periwinkle.

          “In many gardens the custom was to plant each kind of tree in separate groups, and each species of flower-bed also had, as now in Holland, a distinct space assigned to it; so that there were beds of white violets, of irises, of the golden cynosure, of hyacinths, of ranunculuses, of the blue campanula, of white gillyflowers, and the branchy asphodel.”



SECTION 3 of 6   [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]