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Ministry of Agriculture Allotment & Garden Guide

Ministry of Agriculture Allotment and Garden Guide April 1945 page 5

Click image for
facsimile of page 5

April 1945

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5 / 6 / 7 / 8


Ministry of Agriculture
Allotment & Garden Guides Index

January 1945

February 1945

March 1945

April 1945

May 1945

June 1945

July 1945

August 1945

September 1945

October 1945

November 1945

December 1945

The Allotment DVD
The delights of having an allotment. 15 programmes as seen on ITV. Suit new and established growers. Seasonal guide, top gardening tips, fascinating food facts and insights into what's really in those sheds! 

THE ALLOTMENT SERIES was first shown on ITV 1 West

Allotments UK and other related allotment links




   You can sow turnips in April. But if you are following the Ministry's cropping plan, you will wait until July, so we will deal with this crop in a later Guide.


   Now is the time to plant out onions raised under glass. Harden the plants off gradually and plant them out in rows 1 ft. apart, leaving 6 in. between each plant. See that each bulb is set just on top of the ground and press the soil firmly around its roots.



   In the March Guide we reminded you about spring dressings for your fruit trees and the spraying of your fruit bushes with lime sulphur. April is the time, so just turn to page 8 of the March issue and refresh your memory.


About those PESTS

       Wartime gardeners, who may have suffered badly from the ravages of pests, may well have thought that gardening is just on long discouraging fight. But the "old hands" know that is not so; they know, too, that by keeping their plots as clean as they can, and by taking early measures to cope with any marauders that may appear, they can do much to reduce their losses and keep the pests in check.


   First a few wise words about what you can do to prevent pest damage before you start to use insecticides. Strong plants are less likely to be destroyed––and you only get strong plants by good cultivation and manuring. You must not expect insecticides to make up for deficient cultivation and manuring.

  Another important step is to get rid of the things that harbour pest: weeds surplus seedbed plants, old brassica stumps and infested leaves. Growing the same crop on the same bed year after year also encourages pests, so that is another important reason for crop rotation. And then don't be finicky about hand-picking caterpillars when you do find them.


   Some gardeners regard all creeping and flying things as foes. That is a mistake, for they include friends as well. Let us for a moment consider some of the insects you may find under and above ground. Of the "underground" enemies, there is first the wireworm: the commonest garden foe that particularly fancies potatoes, tomatoes and carrots. It is three-quarters of an inch long and has six legs. When you find it, break it in half or squash it.

    Please see Mulch, Intensive & Lazy Gardening for alternative planting and growing methods requiring less space, less seed, less weeding, less watering, etc.

[ed. note] earthly pursuits urges everyone to avoid "artificials" (chemical fertilizers) if possible and practice sustainable, organic gardening.