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Ministry of Agriculture Allotment & Garden Guide

Allotment and Garden Guide March 1945 page 7

Click image for
facsimile of page 7

March 1945

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Ministry of Agriculture
Allotment & Garden Guides Index

January 1945

February 1945

March 1945

April 1945

May 1945

June 1945

July 1945

August 1945

September 1945

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December 1945

The Allotment DVD
The delights of having an allotment. 15 programmes as seen on ITV. Suit new and established growers. Seasonal guide, top gardening tips, fascinating food facts and insights into what's really in those sheds! 

THE ALLOTMENT SERIES was first shown on ITV 1 West

Allotments UK and other related allotment links




     The importance of compost was dealt with in the January "Guide". Now it is proposed to tell you what you can use to make it and how to make it––in pictures.

Leaves, grass cuttings, straw sods, lawn mowings, haulms of peas, beans and potatoes, vegetable tops, hedge clippings, weeds, and faded flowers. In fact, any plant refuse not needed for stock feeding.
Cinders, paper, coal ashes, thick woody stems, sawdust, and any materials tainted with oil, creosote, tar or with any poisonous chemical. Avoid cabbage roots affected by 'club-root' disease.

Make a COMPOST HEAP this way


Compost step 1 choose site in shade

1. Choose site, in shade if possible, on ground not used for cropping. Width 4-7 ft. Length depends on amount of material available.


Compost step 2 cover with layer of vegetable refuse

2. Cover with layer of vegetable refuse (the more mixed and broken up the better) to 6-9 in. depth. If dry, moisten and read down well. If green and sappy, lay loosely.


Compost step 3 cover with animal manure

3. (Left) Cover with 2 in. layer of animal manure (horse, cow, pig, poultry, pigeon, rabbit) or sewage sludge.*
(Right) If animal manure is not available, sprinkle with one of the special proprietary chemicals or with sulphate of ammonia.**


Compost step 4 repeat layers

4. Repeat layers 2 and 3 until heap is 3-5 ft. high. If more material is to be dealt with, start a new heap.


Compost step 5 sprinkle on lime or chalk

5. Sprinkle a little lime, ground limestone or chalk, after every foot or so, or apply layer of chalky soil about 2 in. thick. But if using chemicals, follow maker's directions about lime.


Compost step 6 turn heap

6. When heap has cooled down, turn it over from one end to the other, so that the outside material goes to the middle and that from the middle to the outside.

    * [ed. note] sewage sludge is not recommended, although some use it regularly as part of their sustainable system. (see Farmers of Forty Centuries)

** [ed. note] earthly pursuits urges everyone to avoid "artificials" (chemical fertilizers) if possible and practice sustainable, organic gardening.