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Ministry of Agriculture Allotment & Garden Guide


Dig for Victory Allotment and Garden Guide November 1945 page 6

Click image for
facsimile of page 6

November 1945

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Ministry of Agriculture
Allotment & Garden Guides Index

January 1945

February 1945

March 1945

April 1945

May 1945

June 1945

July 1945

August 1945

September 1945

October 1945

November 1945

December 1945

The Allotment DVD
The delights of having an allotment. 15 programmes as seen on ITV. Suit new and established growers. Seasonal guide, top gardening tips, fascinating food facts and insights into what's really in those sheds! 

THE ALLOTMENT SERIES was first shown on ITV 1 West

Allotments UK and other related allotment links


    Work on the FRUIT PLOT  
       The value of the fruit we can grow in our own gardens needs no emphasis at this critical time. And we can grow more and better fruit if we give more attention to pruning and spraying at the right times. With much less to do on the vegetable plot, we can turn our hands to the fruit plot and get going.   In so many private gardens pests and diseases play havoc with the fruit and we can do much to control them by spraying. But first, here are a few hints about winter pruning, though you would get a better idea of the art by watching some knowledgeable person do the job a time or two.  
       Before beginning to prune apples and pears, look for two kinds of shootsó"leaders" and "laterals," and two kinds of budsó"fruit buds" and "wood buds."
   "Leader" shoots are the main shoot growths that extend at the ends of the branches; "Laterals" are the side shoots that grow out form the "leaders." The "wood buds" that form leafy shoots are thin and pointed, while the "fruit buds" that form blossom are plump and round (see illustrations)
   Cordon and dwarf bush trees are pruned by cutting back all laterals to three of four buds (see illustrations) and cutting the leaders so as to leave two-thirds of the current season's growth.
  Make the cut just above an outside bud. The right and wrong ways of making these cuts are shown in the pictures. If you are planting new trees this winter, pruning is best left until the buds begin tos well. Then cut all laterals back to four or five buds and reduce leaders by half.
  Don't prune stone fruits unless absolutely necessary, owing to the risk of disease. In fact, plums and damsons need very little winter pruning. Dead branches or shoots that cross or crowd should be thinned out.

how to prune fruit treeshow to prune fruit trees - where to make cut

       Gooseberries and redcurrants can be pruned now. Winter pruning of gooseberry bushes consists of thinning out overcrowding shoots, especially in the middle of the bush, so letting in air and light and making fruit picking easier next season. Cut back new growth at the end of the main branches to a bud pointing outwards about halfway down.    But if the birds are unusually troublesome in your district and peck at the buds, leave pruning until spring.
   With redcurrants, shorten all side shoots (laterals) in winter to three or four buds, and cut back the growth at the ends of the main branches to an outside bud, leaving about six inches of new growth each year.