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Ministry of Agriculture Allotment & Garden Guide


Garden and Allotment Guide October 1945 page 6

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facsimile of page 6

October 1945

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Ministry of Agriculture
Allotment & Garden Guides Index

January 1945

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The Allotment DVD
The delights of having an allotment. 15 programmes as seen on ITV. Suit new and established growers. Seasonal guide, top gardening tips, fascinating food facts and insights into what's really in those sheds! 

THE ALLOTMENT SERIES was first shown on ITV 1 West

Allotments UK and other related allotment links


    This LIMING business cont'd  
    The last is always in a fine state of division, easily stored, and probably for that reason has been much in demand by gardeners. The other form of lime that is more suitable for storage is carbonate of lime, which may be limestone or chalk (really a soft limestone) both ground to a fine powder. Quality depends to a great extent on the pureness of the rock from which lime is derived.
   The demands for hydrated lime are much greater than the supply. This shortage affects farmers as well as allotment holders and gardeners, and is due to the fact that other vital industries—especially the building trade—need most of the hydrated lime produced to-day. What can the gardener or allotment holder do if he cannot get his little bit of "hydrated"?

scientist in lab testing soil

The answer to that is try finely ground limestone or chalk. Both are equally effective as hydrated when applied in the appropriate quantities necessary to correct the sourness of the soil. Hydrated costs nearly twice as much as ground limestone; on the other hand it is necessary to put on one and a half times as much ground limestone as hydrated. Both ground limestone and chalk are fairly readily obtainable compared with hydrated lime.
   It does not follow from what has already been said that all gardens and allotments need lime. The only sure way of finding out what is lacking in the soil is to have it tested. The local Parks Superintendent, the secretary of the district allotments or horticultural society or some knowledgeable neighbour would advise how this can be done.

    On planting FRUIT TREES  
       In the September Guide we dealt with the sort of fruit to grow in the small garden and promised later on to supply information about planting. Here it is.
   First of all, the site. Peaches and pears need abundant sunshine. Most other fruits do best in a sunny position, but are not so particular and often succeed in partial shade.
   Peaches or pears should go on the south wall or fence, apples and plums on the west or east, and morello cherries on the north. Black currants, gooseberries and raspberries should be in a bed where they can be netted against bird attack. Loganberries or blackberries should be trained on a boundary fence.
   In the open garden you could plant one or more dwarf bush apples or gooseberry, red or black currant bushes.
  Apples planted about 10 to 15 ft. apart in a square could have a gooseberry or currant bush placed in the centre.

fenced garden area with fruit trees